"I will not pass A level exam because I have to fight for women's rights."
Social protests after the judgment of the Constitutional Tribunal of October 22, 2020 and entering adulthood in the civic aspect
SOURCE OF FINANCING:
SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities (2020-2021)
Dr hab. Paula Pustułka
Dr hab. Igor Lyubashenko
The ruling of the Constitutional Tribunal of October 22, 2020, recognizing the embryopathological premise of pregnancy termination as inconsistent with the Polish Constitution, caused the largest social protests since 1989, it is estimated that approximately 430,000 people took to the streets, according to police data, in over 400 locations in Poland. Additionally, solidarity protests were organized in many centers abroad. Although social uprisings related to reproductive rights have been present in Poland since the early 1990s, and were initiated by the first plans to tighten the liberal law of 1956, in recent years we have observed their particular intensification, especially since the Black Protests of 2016.
The aim of the project is an interdisciplinary analysis of the process of entering adulthood in the civic aspect by examining participation in protests organized as part of the National Women's Strike. In the study, we will particularly focus on the intergenerational differences in participation in protests, motivations for participation, socialization agents, as well as broader civic attitudes of young Polish women and men. We note that contemporary theories of entering adulthood refer directly to political maturity and social participation as new areas of autonomy and the feeling of being an adult. Values will also be the research lens for protests. Solidarity, on the occasion of banners and protesters' statements, finally appears in the public space, which is a unique opportunity to explore the social phenomenon of connecting along the line of business and/or articulating values. Soczewką badawczą na protesty będą także wartości. Solidarność przy okazji transparentów i wypowiedzi protestujących pojawia się w końcu w przestrzeni publicznej, co stanowi wyjątkową okazję do zbadania społecznego fenomenu łączenia się po linii interesu i/lub artykulacji wartości.
The project is interdisciplinary in nature, combining elements of sociological sciences and political science. It is conducted in mixed-methods methodology, with implemented parallelly and mutually informative qualitative and quantitative components. The project includes:
- Analysis of existing data on attitudes towards the admissibility of termination of pregnancy in Poland, the impact of social protests on the attitudes and political participation of young people;
- Qualitative component: individual in-depth online interviews with 70 organizers and participants in protests
- Quantitative component: online survey conducted with organizers, participants and supporters of protests using the CAWI technique
All research methods are adapted to the epidemiological situation and use the tools of digital social research methods.
The youngest generation, so far avoiding mass civic activism, suddenly marked its presence in the public space in crowds and distinctly. Within the project, we consider what encouraged young Polish women and men to take part in the protests and how this experience changed young people and their way of entering adulthood.
- dr Agnieszka Kwiatkowska, project manager